[新聞] 總統馬上辭職 政改難度更大 >> PTT Reader

[新聞] 總統馬上辭職 政改難度更大

 作者  MaNeNe (魔尼尼)                                        看板  Gossiping 
 標題  [新聞] 總統馬上辭職 政改難度更大                                       
 時間  Mon Feb  7 21:56:49 2011                                               

埃及總統穆巴拉克如果馬上辭職,按憲法規定將需很快舉行大選,可能導致政治改革的難
度更大。專家認為,這將成為反對派的窘境之一,統治者和反對派之間缺乏互信,將使反
對派主張的民主之路更具不確定性。

在與主要反對派領袖對話時,穆巴拉克新任命的埃及副總統蘇雷曼6日同意,由新設的委
員會3月初提出憲改建議,其中包括允許更多的總統候選人,和限制總統任期。


但律師和憲法專家認為,通向自由公正的大選之路仍充滿荊棘。如果穆巴拉克馬上下台,
現行憲法規定需在60天內舉行大選。目前的選舉法對參選人有許多限制規定,對掌權者非
常有利,在大選前60天可能不會有任何改變。


喬治華盛頓大學政治學者布朗說:「反對派的核心主張是穆巴拉克立即下台,但下台不能
使他們得到想要的東西。他們把穆巴拉克個人趕走,但遇到的憲法程序將使問題更加複雜
。」


美國一直試圖發出正確聲音,與穆巴拉克有接觸的美國退休外交官威斯納 (Frank
Wisner)認為,在美國尋求解決辦法的未來數日,埃及領導人的作用依然至關重要。


但國務卿喜萊莉.柯林頓表示,美國在考慮開羅的過渡,開始與反對派接觸。她說:「思
考如何過渡和誰將成為未來領袖尚需時日,但原則很清楚,過渡的具體問題頗具挑戰性。



即使是批評穆巴拉克最嚴厲的反對派也認為,29年的專制可能需要再維持一段時間,以便
協助確立某些改革進程。


埃及知名人權律師巴加特說:「過渡時期很複雜,如果我們此次起義能把現政權成功推翻
,過渡就會更容易些。」


按照委員會提出的建議,穆巴拉克將把大部分權力轉交副總統蘇雷曼,由蘇雷曼與反對派
協商憲改問題,以保證大選公正。但現行法律規定,任何修憲必須經議會批准。


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